So, today I will try to share the 10 most common mental disorders affecting the people.
They are also called as mental health disorders or psychiatric disorders.
Mental illness is something that affect the behavior, thinking and mood of an individual.
They cause serious impairment in functioning of the person.
Mental Disorders most commonly are usually remitting, reoccurring and persistent in nature.
They are defined by how a person thinks, behaves and feels.
They are usually due to certain changes in the functioning pattern of the brain.
More than one in four adults with a serious mental health issues, such as anxiety, depression, schizophrenia, and personality disorders, also have a substance use disorder.
Individuals with a dual diagnosis, must receive treatment for both issues.
There are around 300 mental illnesses that affect the people according to DSM-5.
DSM-5 is diagnostic and statistical manual of mental health disorders.
Classification of mental disorders:
Some of the main groups of mental disorders are:
- Mood disorders (such as depression or bipolar disorder)
- Anxiety disorders
- Personality disorders
- Psychotic disorders (such as schizophrenia)
- Eating disorders
- Trauma-related disorders (such as post-traumatic stress disorder)
- Substance abuse disorders.
Though the cause of mental disorder can’t be defined specifically, the classification is usually made on the basics of behavioral pattern.
Risk factors for Mental Health Disorders:
- Drug abuse
- Chronic Disorders
- Personality traits.
10 most common Mental Health Disorders:
Here is a list of 10 most common mental health disorders.
- Bipolar Disorder: Bipolar disorder is one of several mood disorders that leave people with emotions swinging from very high (manic) to hazardously low (depressive). The extremes are so severe that they can damage relationships, result in poor academic or work performance and possibly lead to suicide.
- Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD): General disorders on the autism include autistic disorder, Asperger’s syndrome and atypical autism (pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified).
- Schizophrenia: Schizophrenia is a serious mental illness that can cause people to have delusions, hallucinate or show no emotion at all. Individuals with schizophrenia can have difficulty thinking clearly, managing emotions, making decisions, and relating to others.
- Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD): OCD is characterized by repetitive, unwanted, obsessions and irrational, excessive urges of certain actions. Individuals with OCD will often see symptoms in childhood, adolescence, or young adulthood. Typically, symptoms will last more than an hour each day and will interfere with daily functioning.
- Anxiety Disorders: Anxiety disorders are the most common mental health condition in the US and can include OCD, panic attacks and phobias. We all have anxiety at some point in our lives, but when feelings of intense fear and distress limit daily functioning, an anxiety disorder may be present.
- Phobias: Anxiety disorder also comes in the form of phobias. Social anxiety disorder, or social phobia, occurs when everyday situations cause someone to become self-conscious and anxious. They spend days and weeks worrying about a single situation.
- Substance Use Disorder: Mental health disorders and substance use disorders can co-occur, making treatment for both disorders necessary.
- Eating Disorders: Bulimia nervosa, anorexia nervosa, and binge-eating disorder are marked by extreme behaviors, which usually are rooted in complex biological and psychological causes, including depression and anxiety.
- Personality Disorders: Common disorders include antisocial personality disorder, avoidant personality disorder and borderline personality disorder.
- Mood Disorders: Mood disorders have varying degrees of severity and can be difficult to diagnose however, they are the most frequently diagnosed mental disorders. In addition to bipolar disorder, mood disorders include major depressive disorder and dysthymic disorder.
Management of Mental Health Disorders:
There are a range of different types of treatment and what is most suitable depends on the disorder and the individual.
Many things have been found to help at least some people, and a placebo effect may play a role in any intervention or medication.
Lifestyle strategies, including dietary changes, exercise and quit smoking may be of benefit.
There is also a wide range of psychotherapists (including family therapy), counselors, and public health professionals.
A major option for many mental disorders is psychotherapy.
Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is widely used and is based on modifying the patterns of thought and behavior associated with a particular disorder.
Other psychotherapy include dialectic behavioral therapy (DBT) and interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT).
Some psychotherapies are based on a humanistic approach.
A major option for many mental disorders is psychiatric medication and there are several main groups.
Antidepressants are used for the treatment of clinical depression, as well as often for anxiety and a range of other disorders.
Anxiolytics (including sedatives) are used for anxiety disorders and related problems such as insomnia.
Mood stabilizers are used primarily in bipolar disorder.
Anti psychotics are used for psychotic disorders, notably for positive symptoms in schizophrenia, and also increasingly for a range of other disorders.
Stimulants are commonly used, notably for ADHD.
Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is sometimes used in severe cases when other interventions for severe intractable depression have failed.
21 Tips to boost Mental Health:
1.Track gratitude and achievement with a journal.
2. Start your day with a cup of coffee. Coffee consumption is linked to lower rates of depression. Even Green tea works if you are a tea person like me.
3. Set up a getaway. It could be camping with friends or a trip to the tropics. The act of planning a vacation and having something to look forward to can boost your overall happiness for up to 8 weeks!
4, Work your strengths. Do something you’re good at to build self-confidence, then tackle a tougher task.
5. Keep it cool for a good night’s sleep. The optimal temperature for sleep is between 60 and 67 degrees Fahrenheit.
6. Think of something in your life you want to improve, and figure out what you can do to take a step in the right direction.
7. Experiment with a new recipe, write a poem, paint or try a Pinterest project. Creative expression and overall well-being are linked.
8. Show some love to someone in your life. Close, quality, relationships are key for a happy, healthy life.
9. Boost brainpower by treating yourself to a couple pieces of dark chocolate every few days. The flavanoids, caffeine, and theobromine in chocolate are thought to work together to improve alertness and mental skills.
10. Sometimes, we don’t need to add new activities to get more pleasure. We just need to soak up the joy in the ones we’ve already got. Trying to be optimistic doesn’t mean ignoring the uglier sides of life. It just means focusing on the positive as much as possible.
11. Feeling anxious? Take a trip down memory lane and do some coloring for about 20 minutes to help you clear your mind.
12. Take time to laugh. Hang out with a funny friend, watch a comedy or check out cute videos online. Laughter helps reduce anxiety.
13. Go off the grid. Leave your smart phone at home for a day and disconnect from constant emails, alerts, and other interruptions. Spend time doing something fun with someone face-to-face.
14. Dance around while you do your housework. Not only will you get chores done, but dancing reduces levels of cortisol (the stress hormone), and increases endorphins (the body’s “feel-good” chemicals).
15. Go ahead and yawn. Studies suggest that yawning helps cool the brain and improves alertness and mental efficiency.
16. Relax in a warm bath once a week. Try adding Epsom salts to soothe aches and pains and help boost magnesium levels, which can be depleted by stress.
17. Has something been bothering you? Let it all out…on paper. Writing about upsetting experiences can reduce symptoms of depression.
18. Spend some time with a furry friend. Time with animals lowers the stress hormone – cortisol, and boosts oxytocin – which stimulates feelings of happiness. If you don’t have a pet, hang out with a friend who does or volunteer at a shelter.
19. Be a tourist in your own town. Often times people only explore attractions on trips, but you may be surprised what cool things are in your own backyard.
20. Try prepping your lunches or picking out your clothes for the work week. You’ll save some time in the mornings and have a sense of control about the week ahead.
21. Practice forgiveness – even if it’s just forgiving that person who cut you off during your commute. People who forgive have better mental health and report being more satisfied with their lives.
Until… Next time…